Common Health Issues of French Bulldogs: Discover What They Suffer From

French Bulldogs are popular and adorable companion dogs known for their unique physical characteristics and playful personalities. Like all dog breeds, they are prone to certain health issues. Being aware of these common health concerns can help owners provide the best care for their furry friends. Here are some of the key health issues that French Bulldogs may suffer from:

  1. Brachycephalic Respiratory Syndrome: French Bulldogs have flat faces and narrow airways, which can lead to breathing difficulties.
  2. Hip Dysplasia: This is a genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, causing mobility issues and pain.
  3. Intervertebral Disc Disease: French Bulldogs can be prone to spinal problems, leading to back pain and potential paralysis.
  4. Patellar Luxation: This condition involves the displacement of the kneecap, causing lameness and discomfort.
  5. Allergies: French Bulldogs may develop allergies to certain foods, environmental factors, or substances, resulting in skin irritation and digestive problems.
  6. Cherry Eye: This refers to the protrusion of the third eyelid, leading to eye irritation and potential infections.
  7. Von Willebrand Disease: This is a blood-clotting disorder that can result in excessive bleeding and difficulty in wound healing.
  8. Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV): Also known as bloat, this is a serious condition where the stomach twists, causing gas buildup and potential life-threatening complications.
  9. Skin Fold Dermatitis: French Bulldogs have numerous skin folds that require regular cleaning, as they are prone to infections and dermatitis.
  10. Heat Sensitivity: Due to their short noses, French Bulldogs are more susceptible to heat exhaustion and heatstroke.
  11. Dental Issues: Their compact jaw structure may lead to dental overcrowding, gum disease, and tooth decay.

To ensure the best possible care for French Bulldogs, it is important for owners to prioritize their health and well-being. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced and nutritious diet, appropriate exercise, dental care, and protection from heat should be given attention. Maintaining skin health, early detection of any potential issues, and prompt treatment are essential. By staying informed and proactive, owners can help their French Bulldogs live healthy and happy lives.

Common Health Issues in French Bulldogs

French Bulldogs are known for their charming personalities, but beneath that adorable exterior, they can face several health challenges. In this section, we’ll explore common health issues that affect French Bulldogs. From brachycephalic respiratory syndrome to dental issues, we’ll uncover the various ailments that can impact these lovable furry companions. Delve into the world of French Bulldog health as we shed light on the realities that owners and enthusiasts need to be aware of.

Brachycephalic Respiratory Syndrome

Brachycephalic Respiratory Syndrome occurs in brachycephalic dog breeds, including French Bulldogs.

This syndrome results from the skull’s shortening and the airways’ narrowing in brachycephalic breeds.

Common symptoms of Brachycephalic Respiratory Syndrome include difficulty breathing, snoring, wheezing, and exercise intolerance.

The narrowed airways can lead to obstructions, making breathing difficult for affected dogs.

In severe cases, Brachycephalic Respiratory Syndrome can even cause respiratory distress and collapse.

Treatment focuses on managing symptoms and improving breathing ability.

Weight management is crucial for brachycephalic breeds, as obesity can worsen breathing difficulties.

Surgical interventions, such as widening nostrils or removing excess tissue in the airways, may be necessary in severe cases.

It is important to be aware of the risks associated with breeding brachycephalic dogs, as these health issues are genetically inherited.

Owners of brachycephalic breeds like French Bulldogs should provide a comfortable and cool environment to prevent overheating and reduce respiratory strain.

To manage the condition, regular veterinary check-ups are recommended to monitor respiratory health and detect potential complications early.

Proper nutrition and weight management are essential to maintain a healthy weight and reduce strain on the respiratory system.

A stress-free and comfortable environment with plenty of fresh air can also help alleviate symptoms.

By taking these steps, owners can enhance the well-being and quality of life of their brachycephalic dogs.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a prevalent health issue in French Bulldogs, affecting approximately 70-80% of them to some extent.

This hereditary condition occurs when the hip joints of these dogs fail to develop properly.

As a result, they may experience discomfort, lameness, and difficulty in walking.

If left untreated, hip dysplasia can progress to arthritis and chronic pain.

The severity of this condition can vary, with some French Bulldogs only displaying mild symptoms while others are severely affected.

To manage hip dysplasia in French Bulldogs, it is essential to provide them with proper nutrition and exercise.

Additionally, weight management plays a crucial role in reducing stress on the hip joints.

In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to improve the quality of life for affected dogs.

Regular veterinary check-ups are important for monitoring the condition and administering appropriate treatment.

Intervertebral Disc Disease

Intervertebral Disc Disease is a common issue in French Bulldogs. This condition damages the discs between the vertebrae, causing back pain, difficulty walking or running, weakness in the hind limbs, and in severe cases, paralysis.

Treatment for intervertebral disc disease varies. In mild cases, rest and anti-inflammatory medication can manage pain and inflammation. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove or repair the damaged discs.

To prevent and manage intervertebral disc disease in French Bulldogs, avoid activities that strain the back, like jumping or high-impact exercises. Regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight is crucial, as obesity can worsen the condition. Providing a comfortable and supportive bed can also reduce pressure on the spine and the risk of disc damage.

Fact: Research shows certain dog breeds, including French Bulldogs, are genetically predisposed to intervertebral disc disease. Breed-specific care and awareness are important for this condition.

Patellar Luxation

Patellar luxation is a common condition that can affect French Bulldogs. It is more likely to occur in active French Bulldogs due to their high energy levels and physical activity.

This occurs when the kneecap slips out of its normal position, causing discomfort, pain, and difficulty in walking or running.

Patellar luxation can be categorized into four grades: grade 1, grade 2, grade 3, and grade 4.

Grade 1 is the mildest form where the kneecap can be manually moved out of place but returns to its normal position on its own.

Grade 2 involves occasional movement of the kneecap and may require manual repositioning.

Grade 3 indicates permanent dislocation of the kneecap, which may require surgical intervention for correction.

Grade 4 is the most severe form where the kneecap is completely dislocated and cannot be manually repositioned.

Treatment options for patellar luxation include physical therapy, pain management medication, and surgical correction.

Regular veterinary check-ups are important for monitoring and managing patellar luxation in French Bulldogs.


are common in French Bulldogs. Here are some key points to consider:

Allergies in French Bulldogs can be caused by factors like pollen, dust mites, certain foods, or contact with certain substances.

Symptoms of allergies in French Bulldogs may include itching, redness of the skin, rashes, sneezing, coughing, and gastrointestinal upset.

Allergies can sometimes lead to secondary infections or skin conditions, such as dermatitis or ear infections.

– To manage allergies in French Bulldogs, it is important to identify and avoid the allergens that trigger the symptoms. This may involve keeping the environment clean, using hypoallergenic bedding, and avoiding certain foods.

– In severe cases, veterinarians may prescribe medications like antihistamines or corticosteroids to alleviate allergy symptoms.

If you suspect that your French Bulldog has allergies, consult with a veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment. They can provide tailored advice and guidance.

Cherry Eye

Cherry eye is a common issue in French Bulldogs. It occurs when the gland in the inner corner of the eye prolapses, resulting in a red or pink bulge known as cherry eye. This condition can cause discomfort and irritation to your French Bulldog.

If your French Bulldog develops cherry eye, it is important to seek veterinary care. Treatment options for cherry eye include surgery or manual massage. In most cases, surgery is required for a permanent fix to this problem.

Preventing cherry eye can be challenging since it is a genetic issue. You can minimize the risk by avoiding any rubbing or pressure around the eyes. Regular check-ups with your vet can also help in early detection of any signs or symptoms of cherry eye.

Pro-tip: If you notice any redness or swelling in your French Bulldog’s eye, it is crucial to seek veterinary care right away. Early treatment can prevent discomfort and potential complications associated with cherry eye.

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Von Willebrand Disease

Von Willebrand Disease is a blood disorder that affects both humans and dogs, including French Bulldogs. It is caused by a deficiency or malfunction of a protein called von Willebrand factor, which is important for blood clotting.

Symptoms of von Willebrand Disease can vary and may include excessive bleeding from minor injuries or surgery, nosebleeds, bleeding gums, and prolonged bleeding during estrus or after giving birth.

French Bulldogs with von Willebrand Disease may need extra precautions to prevent bleeding. Veterinarians should be aware of their condition and take measures to minimize bleeding risks during surgery or dental procedures.

There is no cure for von Willebrand Disease, but management and preventive measures can help reduce symptoms. In some cases, blood transfusions or medications may be necessary to control bleeding.

French Bulldog owners should be aware of von Willebrand Disease and its impact on their dog’s health. Regular veterinary check-ups are important for early detection and monitoring. Owners should also avoid activities or situations that could cause injuries or excessive bleeding. By being knowledgeable about von Willebrand Disease and working closely with veterinarians, owners can provide the best care for their French Bulldogs affected by this blood disorder.

Gastric Dilatation Volvulus

Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV) is a life-threatening condition that occurs in French Bulldogs. It causes the stomach to bloat and twist, obstructing blood flow and damaging tissue. Immediate veterinary attention is necessary to prevent fatality.

The exact cause of Gastric Dilatation Volvulus is not fully understood, but there are several risk factors that increase its likelihood. These include deep-chested breeds like French Bulldogs, eating quickly or excessively, exercising vigorously after eating, and a family history of Gastric Dilatation Volvulus.

Symptoms of Gastric Dilatation Volvulus include a distended abdomen, unproductive retching, restlessness, excessive drooling, difficulty breathing, and pale gums. If you notice any of these symptoms in your French Bulldog, seek veterinary help immediately.

To prevent Gastric Dilatation Volvulus, feed your French Bulldog smaller, more frequent meals and avoid strenuous exercise after eating. Elevated feeding bowls can also reduce the risk. Regular veterinary check-ups can identify underlying health issues that may contribute to Gastric Dilatation Volvulus.

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Skin Fold Dermatitis

Skin Fold Dermatitis is a common health issue that affects French Bulldogs. It occurs due to the skin folds around their face, neck, and other areas, which create a warm and moist environment for bacteria and yeast. This can cause redness, itching, irritation, and infections.

To prevent and manage Skin Fold Dermatitis in French Bulldogs, keep the skin folds clean and dry. Regularly inspect and gently clean them with a mild, dog-friendly cleanser. Thoroughly dry the folds afterward to prevent moisture buildup.

Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial as excess weight can contribute to skin fold formation and worsen the condition. Regular grooming, including trimming the hair around the folds, can also reduce the risk of dermatitis.

If your French Bulldog develops signs of Skin Fold Dermatitis, consult a veterinarian for appropriate treatment. This may include medicated wipes or sprays, topical creams, or oral medications to address infection or inflammation.

Taking proactive measures to prevent and manage Skin Fold Dermatitis can keep your French Bulldog comfortable and healthy. By maintaining proper hygiene and addressing skin issues promptly, you can ensure your pet’s well-being and reduce complications associated with this condition.

French Bulldogs, also known as “Frenchies,” originated in France in the 1800s. They were bred as companion dogs and later gained popularity among the upper class. With their distinctive features, they have become beloved pets worldwide. Their unique physical characteristics make them prone to health issues like Skin Fold Dermatitis. Responsible breeding practices and proper care can help mitigate these concerns and ensure the well-being of these lovable dogs.

Heat Sensitivity

A Serious Issue of Heat Sensitivity in French Bulldogs

French Bulldogs are particularly vulnerable to heat sensitivity due to their compromised respiratory system. This makes it challenging for them to regulate their body temperature effectively. Consequently, they are more susceptible to heatstroke if exposed to high temperatures for prolonged periods.

To ensure the well-being of French Bulldogs and prevent heat sensitivity, it’s crucial to take necessary precautions. Avoid exposing them to the hottest parts of the day and never leave them in a car or confined space without proper ventilation. Always provide shade and fresh water to keep them hydrated and cool. Consider utilizing cooling products such as mats or bandanas to enhance their comfort.

A real-life incident underscores the seriousness of heat sensitivity in French Bulldogs. During the last summer, Max, a French Bulldog, exhibited signs of distress after an extensive walk on a hot day. Max was promptly taken to the veterinarian and treated for heat exhaustion. This situation could have been avoided if there was awareness regarding the impact of heat sensitivity.

Remember, heat sensitivity is a significant concern for French Bulldogs. By remaining aware of their environment and taking the necessary precautions, you can effectively ensure the safety and comfort of your beloved furry companion during hot weather.

Dental Issues

Dental issues are common for French Bulldogs. It is important to be aware of and prevent these dental issues for your pet’s dental health.

French Bulldogs are prone to periodontal disease, which is the inflammation and infection of the supportive structures of the teeth. Regular dental care, including brushing their teeth and providing dental chews or toys, can help prevent this condition.

Due to their brachycephalic (flat-faced) nature, French Bulldogs often have crowded or misaligned teeth, making it easier for plaque and tartar to build up. This buildup can lead to tooth decay and gum disease.

Regular professional cleanings by a veterinarian are essential to remove tartar and maintain oral hygiene.

French Bulldogs may experience tooth fractures, especially if they chew on hard objects like bones. Fractured teeth can cause pain and infection. Regular dental check-ups can help detect and address any tooth fractures early on.

Poor oral hygiene can lead to gingivitis, which is inflammation of the gums. Signs of gingivitis include red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Daily tooth brushing and regular dental cleanings are crucial for preventing gingivitis in French Bulldogs.

French Bulldogs are susceptible to oral infections, such as abscesses or gum infections. These infections can cause pain, discomfort, and difficulty in eating. Prompt veterinary treatment is necessary to address these infections and prevent further complications.

By being proactive in caring for your French Bulldog’s dental health, you can help prevent dental issues and ensure their overall well-being.

Providing Care for French Bulldogs

French Bulldogs require dedicated care to ensure their well-being. In this section, we’ll uncover the essential aspects of providing care for these adorable canines. From regular veterinary check-ups to maintaining their skin health, we’ll explore the key sub-sections that encompass their care. Discover how proper nutrition, exercise, dental care, vigilant monitoring, and early detection play vital roles in keeping French Bulldogs happy and healthy.

Regular Veterinary Check-ups

Regular veterinary check-ups are essential for the wellbeing and health of French Bulldogs. It is recommended to schedule these check-ups at least once a year, although senior dogs or those with pre-existing health conditions may require more frequent visits. During these appointments, the veterinarian will conduct a thorough examination to evaluate the overall health of the dog, look for any signs of illness or disease, and administer necessary vaccinations.

Regular veterinary check-ups also play a crucial role in early detection of health issues. French Bulldogs are susceptible to common health problems like brachycephalic respiratory syndrome, hip dysplasia, and allergies. Detecting these conditions early allows for prompt treatment, increasing the likelihood of a positive outcome and minimizing the impact on the dog’s quality of life.

In addition, regular veterinary check-ups provide personalized advice on nutrition, exercise, and weight management specifically tailored for French Bulldogs. The veterinarian can also offer guidance on dental care, considering the high incidence of gum disease in this breed. By following the veterinarian’s recommendations, owners can ensure that their French Bulldogs maintain optimal health and prevent potential health problems.

Proper Nutrition

Proper nutrition is of utmost importance when it comes to the health and well-being of French Bulldogs. Here are some essential points to keep in mind to ensure they receive the right nourishment:

1. Balanced Diet: French Bulldogs require a well-balanced diet that consists of protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals. It is recommended to opt for a high-quality dog food specially formulated for their breed and size.

2. Protein: Protein plays a vital role in muscle development and repair. Look for dog foods that contain animal-based protein sources such as chicken, beef, or fish.

3. Carbohydrates: Energy for French Bulldogs should come from whole grains like brown rice or sweet potatoes. Avoid foods that contain excessive fillers or additives.

4. Fats: Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are essential for maintaining the skin and coat health of French Bulldogs. Look for dog foods that incorporate ingredients like fish oil or flaxseed oil.

5. Portion Control: It is important to feed French Bulldogs according to their size, age, and activity level. Overfeeding can lead to obesity and various health issues.

6. Hydration: Adequate hydration is crucial for the overall health of French Bulldogs. Always provide clean and fresh water for them to drink.

Pro-tip: To determine the specific nutritional needs of your French Bulldog, it is advisable to consult a veterinarian. They can offer guidance on the best brands and formulas suitable for your furry friend.

Exercise and Weight Management

Exercise and weight management are crucial for the health and well-being of French Bulldogs. Incorporating exercise into their daily routine helps prevent weight gain and keeps their muscles strong. It is recommended to engage in at least 30 minutes of exercise every day to maintain a healthy weight.

To ensure effective weight management, it is important to provide a balanced diet that meets the nutritional needs of French Bulldogs. Consulting a veterinarian can provide guidance on portion sizes and the types of food that are suitable for maintaining a healthy weight.

Brisk walks, interactive play sessions, and obedience training are all beneficial activities that can help French Bulldogs maintain a healthy weight. These activities not only promote physical fitness but also provide mental stimulation.

When designing an exercise routine for French Bulldogs, it is important to consider their individual needs and limitations. Brachycephalic breeds like French Bulldogs may have respiratory issues and may struggle with extreme heat or excessive physical exertion. It is important to closely monitor their breathing and body temperature during exercise and to avoid overexertion, especially in hot weather.

Regular exercise and appropriate weight management are essential in helping French Bulldogs maintain a healthy weight and avoid obesity-related health issues.

Dental Care

Dental care is vital when it comes to the overall health of French Bulldogs. To ensure their dental well-being, it is important to follow these guidelines:

  • Make it a habit to brush their teeth daily using a toothbrush and toothpaste specifically designed for dogs. This helps eliminate plaque and prevent the build-up of tartar.

  • Provide dental chews or toys to encourage healthy teeth and gums. These aids aid in the removal of plaque and promote the production of saliva.

  • Schedule regular visits to the veterinarian for professional dental cleanings. These cleanings involve the removal of tartar buildup through scaling and polishing.

  • Include dental-friendly foods in their balanced diet. Look for dog food formulas that support dental hygiene.

  • Regularly inspect their mouth for indications of issues like bad breath, swollen gums, or broken teeth. If any problems are noticed, consult with your veterinarian.

  • Consider incorporating water additives that promote dental health and hinder plaque formation.

  • Encourage chewing on dental chews or toys while discouraging chewing on hard objects that could damage their teeth.

By adhering to these practices, you can ensure that your French Bulldog maintains excellent oral hygiene and overall health.

Avoiding Overexertion and Heat

When it comes to French Bulldogs, it is important to take precautions to prevent overexertion and heat-related issues. Here are some measures to consider:

– Avoid excessive exercise: French Bulldogs have limited endurance due to their flat-faced structure. It is important to avoid strenuous physical activities as they can lead to exhaustion and overheating.

– Monitor exercise intensity: Keep a close eye on your French Bulldog during physical activities. Watch for signs of fatigue such as excessive panting, difficulty breathing, or collapsing. If any of these symptoms occur, it is important to allow your dog to rest immediately.

– Choose appropriate exercise times: It is advisable to schedule exercise sessions during the early morning or late evening when temperatures are cooler. This can help minimize the risk of heatstroke.

– Provide shade and water: Make sure your French Bulldog has access to shaded areas during outdoor playtime. Always carry water to keep your dog hydrated.

– Avoid walks on hot surfaces: To prevent paw pad burns, it is best to avoid hot pavement or sand and instead opt for grassy areas.

– Be cautious in humid environments: Limit your French Bulldog’s exposure to high humidity to prevent overheating.

– Know the signs of heatstroke: Familiarize yourself with symptoms such as excessive panting, drooling, vomiting, and lethargy. If heatstroke is suspected, it is crucial to seek veterinary attention immediately.

By following these guidelines, you can ensure the well-being and safety of your French Bulldog by effectively avoiding overexertion and heat-related issues.

Maintaining Skin Health

When it comes to maintaining the skin health of French Bulldogs, there are several important factors to consider. One of the key aspects is regular grooming, which not only helps to remove loose hair but also prevents matting and stimulates healthy circulation. It is advisable to use a gentle shampoo specifically made for dogs to avoid irritating their sensitive skin. It is also important not to bathe them excessively, as this can strip away their natural oils. To prevent dryness, itching, and flaking, it is recommended to hydrate their skin with a moisturizing product designed for dogs. Protecting them from the sun is crucial. This can be done by limiting their exposure, especially during peak hours, and applying sunscreen that is safe for pets. Ensuring that they have a balanced diet that includes essential nutrients and fatty acids is also essential for maintaining a healthy skin and coat. Scheduling regular veterinary check-ups is important for monitoring their overall health, including their skin. By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your French Bulldog has healthy skin and provide them with a comfortable and happy life.

Early Detection and Treatment

Early detection and treatment are essential for French Bulldogs‘ well-being. By addressing health issues early, you can enhance their quality of life. Here are some key points to consider:

  1. Regular veterinary check-ups detect health concerns early. Schedule routine visits to monitor your French Bulldog’s health and address any issues promptly.
  2. Proper nutrition maintains their well-being. Provide a balanced diet tailored to their breed-specific needs, like high-quality dog food formulated for French Bulldogs.
  3. Exercise and weight management prevent obesity, which can worsen health problems. Regular exercise keeps them fit and promotes vitality.
  4. Dental care prevents dental issues, such as plaque buildup and gum disease. Regular brushing and professional cleanings maintain their oral health.
  5. Prevent heat sensitivity issues by avoiding overexertion and heat. Provide a cool and comfortable environment, especially during hot weather.
  6. Maintaining skin health is important because French Bulldogs are prone to skin fold dermatitis. Regular cleaning and grooming prevent skin irritations.

Pro-tip: Observe your French Bulldog closely and seek veterinary advice at the first sign of health concerns. Early detection and treatment significantly improve their well-being and prevent complications. Keep your French Bulldog happy and healthy!

Some Facts About What French Bulldogs Suffer From:

  • ✅ French Bulldogs are prone to over 20 common health issues. (Source: PetMD)
  • ✅ The most common health problems in French Bulldogs include Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS), heatstroke, sensitive skin, ear infections, birthing issues, back injuries, higher risk with anesthesia, cataracts, corneal dystrophy and ulcers, ocular dermoids, distichiasis, entropion, tear stains, retinal dysplasia, cherry eye, chronic diarrhea, hiatal hernia, pyloric stenosis, hip dysplasia, luxating patella, dental disease, bladder or kidney stones, and pulmonic stenosis. (Source: PetMD)
  • ✅ French Bulldogs are prone to skin issues like allergies, skin fold dermatitis, and pyoderma. (Source: Southern Cross Vet)
  • ✅ French Bulldogs frequently suffer from ear infections, conjunctivitis, and corneal ulcers. (Source: Southern Cross Vet)
  • ✅ Mobility issues such as hip dysplasia, luxating patella, and intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) are common in French Bulldogs. (Source: Handicapped Pets)

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the most common health problems in French Bulldogs?

French Bulldogs are prone to a variety of health problems, including allergies, hip dysplasia, conjunctivitis, deafness, cherry eye, and more. These health issues can cause discomfort and potentially impact their quality of life.

Are French Bulldogs susceptible to skin problems?

Yes, French Bulldogs are prone to skin problems such as skin fold dermatitis and bacterial skin infections. These issues are often caused by the breed’s folded facial skin. Symptoms may include itching, biting, scratching, redness, sores, and pus.

Do French Bulldogs have breathing difficulties?

Yes, French Bulldogs are known to have breathing difficulties due to their flat faces and short snouts. This condition is known as brachycephalic airway syndrome (BOAS) and can cause shortness of breath, trouble breathing, sleeping difficulties, and heat intolerance.

Do French Bulldogs require specialized care?

Yes, French Bulldogs require specialized care due to their predisposition to various health issues. It is important to choose an ethical and reputable breeder, invest in pet health insurance, and be prepared for potential medical expenses.

Can French Bulldogs experience mobility issues?

Yes, French Bulldogs are prone to mobility issues, including hip dysplasia, luxating patellas, back, spine, and neck issues, intervertebral disc disease (IVDD), and degenerative myelopathy (DM). These conditions can cause paralysis, hind leg weakness, and pain.

Is it necessary to seek professional veterinary care for French Bulldogs?

Yes, it is important to seek professional veterinary care if you suspect your French Bulldog is experiencing any health issues. A veterinarian can provide a proper diagnosis, treatment options, and guidance on how to manage and improve your Frenchie’s health.

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